5 Montessori Focus Areas
5 Montessori Focus Areas

1.     Practical Life Skills

Exercises of Practical Life are introduced to the children so that they are equipped with daily practical life skills. The activities are simple concrete exercises that are familiar to the children as they have seen adults performing them in their daily routines such as pouring water from a jug, spooning pasta from one bowl to another, threading beads etc.  The activities are designed to provide real-life experience that assist the children’s coordination and concentration. 

Exercises of Practical Life develop independence, concentration, self-control and physical co-ordination of the children.  When the children are able to perform these exercises, they develop self-respect and self-esteem as they gain finer motor skills and self-control.  The children also acquire social awareness that enables them to interact and cooperate with other children when they are working together in the classroom environment

2.    Sensorial

Young children learn about the world around them through the constant use of all their senses. The Sensorial materials and activities are designed to develop the five senses of the children to aid and heighten their senses for learning, and isolate quantities such as colour, form, texture, size, weight, sound, smell and dimensions. 

The children’s manipulation of the Sensorial materials develop essentials skills such as differentiation, independent, judgement,  estimations and exactness of perception and perception of similarities and differences which also assist in laying the foundation for future Mathematics work.

 3. Language

The children learn to read through a series of graded exercises and activities.  In the first stage, they learn phonic sounds through various fun activities, recognizing and associating letters with phonic sounds. They then start reading, building and blending words and eventually progress to Consonant Digraphs and Vowel Digraphs. The last stage of reading is the introduction to Early Grammar, Comprehension and Creative Writing.

4.     Mathematics

The Montessori Mathematics apparatus serve as a concrete method where the children learn concepts of mathematics by working on tangible mathematics equipment such as the Montessori Number Rods and Golden Beads just to name a few. The mathematics apparatus help the child with a clear understanding of the four basic mathematical operations (+, - , x, ¸). They gradually progress on to the abstract level of mental calculations and problem sums to prepare them for formal schooling.

 5.     Culture

Cultural Studies provide the foundation for children to learn about the world around them as it encompasses Science, Geography, Botany, History and General Knowledge. The Cultural materials and topics which the children manipulate and discuss in the classrooms develop their understanding of the world around them.
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